Death Penalty For Hate Speeches, Adoration For Corruption In Nigeria:

Before I proceed, I will like to analyze and weigh “hate Speeches and Corruption”

Hate speech

Hate Speech is a planed annoying and insulting statement to express dislike, inequality, unacceptablity.

“Hate speech is a statement intended to demean and brutalize another, or the use of cruel and derogatory language on the basis of real or alleged membership in a social group.” According Wikipedia.

“In a full and effective democracy, the right to freedom of expression is sacred. However, fomenting hatred is an abuse of this right and a transgression of the human rights of others.

Ethical use of social media has become more important in an ever-changing world. I, therefore, urge those who use social media to be respectful in the way they communicate their diverse views.

When used as a weapon, social media gives rise to hate speech and I firmly believe that as a nation we should be do everything possible to stamp this out.”

Corruption:

Investopedia described corruption as: “Corruption is dishonest behavior by those in positions of power, such as managers or government officials. Corruption can include giving or accepting bribes or inappropriate gifts, double-dealing, under-the-table transactions, manipulating elections, diverting funds, laundering money and defrauding investors. “

Corruption connotes an acts capable of destroying an economic system in a state.

Both acts are good for a progressive society. They can be an instrument of destruction if not well managed. But on the other hand, it’s always in our blood to measure both hate Speeches and corruption. Yes! According to the law, one can measure them.

Meanwhile, the new proposed bill on hate speech is yet to be an acceptable characteristics of democracy.

According to the Channel Television News, “A file photo of lawmakers during plenary in the Senate Chamber of the National Assembly in Abuja.

A bill to set up a commission for the prohibition of hate speeches has been introduced on the floor of the Senate.

The Bill which is sponsored by the former Senate spokesman, Senator Abdullahi Sabi, is listed on the order paper and has passed first reading on Tuesday.

According to the lawmakers, the object and purpose for which the Commission is established eliminate all forms of hate speeches in Nigeria, and to advise the Government of the Federal Republic of Nigeria on all aspects thereof.

Section 4 of the Bill defines the act of Hate speech as:

(1) A person who uses, publishes, presents, produces, plays, provided, distributes and/or directs the performance of any material, written and or visual which is threatening, abusive or insulting or involves the use of threatening, abusive or insulting words or behavior commits an offence if such person intends thereby to stir up ethnic hatred, or having regard to all the circumstances, ethnic hatred is likely to be stirred up against any person or person from such an ethnic group in Nigeria.

2) Any person who commits an offence under this section shall be liable to life imprisonment and where the act causes any loss of life, the person shall be punished with death by hanging.

Examinations Of Corruption In The State:

In 2015, President Muhammadu Buhari ran on a campaign to rid the nation of corruption, but one seems to pop up as frequently as flies at dumpsites.

Three years into the president’s tenure, corruption cases are still one dime a dozen and we’ve taken the pains to list the most interesting ones in no particular order.

  1. The Gandollar wave

Kano State governor, Abdullahi Ganduje, has been the subject of one of the most blatant acts of corruption in Nigeria after videos emerged of him (or a man of his likeness *wink *wink) receiving bribes from a contractor.

Six different video clips have gone viral on social media showing the governor accepting bundles of dollar notes from a yet-to-be-identified contractor as he stands accused of regularly receiving bribes from contractors handling projects in the state.

The governor has maintained his innocence, claiming that the videos have been doctored by his political opponents to tarnish his reputation.

When he was invited for questioning by the state’s House of Assembly panel investigating bribery allegations against him, he sent the state’s Commissioner for Information, Mohammed Garba, to deny the allegations and question the authenticity of the videos.

While a court case has tried to stop the legislature from investigating the governor, Ganduje has also sued the publisher of Daily Nigerian, Ja’afar Ja’afar, the man who coordinated the sting operation.

When asked for his opinion on the governor’s travails, President Buhari noted that he’s a responsible leader because he has completed projects abandoned by the previous government. Apparently someone needs to hand the president a study guide on how 2+2 is not equal to pounded yam.

  1. Ayodele Fayose

Former Ekiti State governor, Ayodele Fayose, is not a man for the little occasions; go big or go home. That’s why he’s The Rock.

This is why when he finally ran to the end of his second term as governor, he didn’t slink away into the shadows to catch a breath, he jumped into the arms of the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC).

The same day his immunity ended as governor, Fayose gave himself up to the anti-graft agency on October 16, facing allegations of receiving N1.3 billion from the office of former National Security Adviser, Sambo Dasuki, through then-Minister of State for Defence, Musiliu Obanikoro, in the run up to the Ekiti State governorship election in 2014.

He made a show of turning himself in, wearing a shirt with “EFCC, I’m here” inscribed on it, and also carrying two packed bags as he earlier said he was prepared to be detained. He was later hit with an 11-count charge of conspiracy and money laundering.

The Rock will no doubt be taking a lot of trips to courtrooms for the next few months.

  1. Former governors Dariye and Nyame jailed

Justice Adebukola Banjoko of the High Court of the Federal Capital Territory in Abuja sentenced a former Taraba State governor, Jolly Nyame, to 14 years behind bars without an option of fine on May 30, 2018.

Nyame was jailed two years for receiving gratification, five years for obtaining public funds without due consideration, seven years for criminal breach of trust, and 14 years for gratification. The jail terms were to run concurrently.

Two weeks later, the same judge sentenced former Plateau State governor, Senator Joshua Dariye, to 14 years imprisonment after he was found guilty of criminal breach of trust and diverting N1.162 billion state ecological funds while he was governor between 1999 and 2007.

Both rulings were hailed as watershed moments in the nation’s fight against corruption, especially ones committed by public officials.

However, Nyame’s 14 year term was later cut down to 12 years by an Abuja division of the Court of Appeal. He was also ordered to pay a fine of N495 million. On the same day, the court also reduced Dariye’s sentence to 10 years.

  1. NEMA scandal

In May 2018, a House of Representatives committee on Emergency and Disaster Preparedness threatened to issue an arrest warrant against the Director General of the National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA), Mustapha Maihaja, after he failed to appear for questioning over the allegations of violation of public trust.

However, Nyame’s 14 year term was later cut down to 12 years by an Abuja division of the Court of Appeal. He was also ordered to pay a fine of N495 million. On the same day, the court also reduced Dariye’s sentence to 10 years.

In November, the lower chamber of the National Assembly indicted Maihaja and NEMA for mismanaging N5.8 billion earmarked for the North East Intervention Fund.

The panel also determined the process of authorisation for the release of the fund for emergency food intervention in the North East from the Consolidated Revenue Fund Account to NEMA to have contravened Section 80(4) of the 1999 Constitution as amended. Vice president, Yemi Osinbajo, had authorised the fund while serving as Acting President in President Buhari’s absence.

The investigation uncovered the release of the N5.8 billion as well as N3.1 billion emergency food intervention in the northeast in 2017, the 6,779 metric tonnes of rice donated by the Chinese government to IDPs in the northeast and the payment of about N800 million demurrage on the donated rice that reportedly never made it to the affected IDPs. The investigation disclosed that the FG lost the sum of N33 billion due to Maihaja’s mismanagement.

The legislative chamber called for Maihaja’s dismissal and prosecution for fraud, corruption and embezzlement of N33 billion Emergency Intervention Fund, as well as all the government officials involved in the approval, processing, release and diversion of the fund.

Maihaja has denied all the allegations, and so has the vice president who noted in a public response that Section 43 of the Public Procurement Act makes provision for emergency procurement. He also said that the grains donated by China were delivered to the target states, a claim reiterated by Maihaja

  1. NLNG scandal

To solve a biting fuel scarcity problem between late last year and early this year, the Federal Government was caught pants down illegally paying subsidy without proper authorisation.

The state-owned Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) was discovered in October to have illegally diverted N378 billion sourced from the Nigerian Liquefied Natural Gas (NLNG) dividend funds to secretly fund subsidy payment on petroleum products. The fund in question was secretly diverted into payments on petrol supply and distribution when it should have been shared between the federal, state and local governments.

The amount in question was spent on fuel subsidy without the required consultation with states or the mandatory appropriation by the National Assembly. The legislature described the payments as illegal and demanded a probe of the major actors in the scandal.

Bribery And Corruption In Africa: Nigeria A Case Study:

Despite the durable decades of Independence, Nigeria is still facing the challenge of Bribery and Corruption. The Leadership in Nigeria has been attributed by political bickering, mismanagement, lack of vision and the worst of all is that all the leaders have been gripped by severe corruption, which has become a serious and potential threat to the survival of the country (Kuffour, 2009).

Corruption is a serious challenge in the public administration of Nigeria. That competition has deeply eaten into all the sector of the Nigerian Society is to affirm the obvious. This can be attested from the exposures of various probe panels that have established or launched at various times by various regimes in the Nation. Actually, Corruption is at the core of the crisis in issues such as legitimacy and governance, rule of law, the application of sustainable democratic order, and the welfare of the citizens and National development. Corruption is the main evaluation of the glaring insolvable challenges of diseases, poverty, hunger including the general severe development challenges in the country (Of India, 2009). Corruption has severally affected the growth and the proper utilization of resources in the Nation. With the huge wealth from oil resources; political, social and economic strength, the country is referred to as the Giant of Africa.

However; it was discovered that 25 years of corrupt and brutal military rule, which left a legacy and various mark of political corruption in the hands of the country’s influential political elites, who are sitting on top severe patronage networks the country was subdued to a non giant status. The Educated and the Influential primarily views the governance through the lens of their private survival and enrichment rather than National Development. The Centralized economic and political structures in the country tend to make those who regulate and handle Major state posts stupendously wealthy, while 75% of Nigerians fall into extreme poverty (Sklar et al, 2006)

The Negative Impact Of. Corruption In Nigeria: Empirical Literature

“In this report, we use empirical literature and PwC analysis to formulate the ways in which corruption impacts the Nigerian economy over time and estimate the impacts of corruption on the Nigerian Gross Domestic Product (GDP). We estimate the ‘foregone output’ in Nigeria since the onset of democracy in 1999 and the ‘output opportunity’ to be gained by 2030, from reducing corruption to comparison countries that are also rich in natural resources. The countries we chose for comparison are Ghana, Colombia and Malaysia.

The results show that corruption in Nigeria could cost up to 37% of GDP by 2030 if it’s not dealt with immediately. This cost is equated to around $1,000 per person in 2014 and nearly $2,000 per person that lives in Nigeria by 2030.”

From the above analysis, you will agree with me that corruption is the major problem of Nigeria as a country and not hate speech.

Analysis Of Abacha’s Corruption Palava And Stolen Money Recovery:


According to the Transparency International, “the estimated US$20-40 billion stolen annually from developing countries and hidden abroad every year, sometimes a small proportion is successfully confiscated and returned to the country it came from.

In Nigeria, plans are in motion to distribute US$322 million recovered in Switzerland from the late General Sani Abacha, the country’s former military ruler. Abacha is suspected of looting between US$3 and $5 billion in public money.

Where institutions of accountability are not working well, such cases pose a complex problem: how to make sure that the money is not embezzled again, and actually benefits the real victims of corruption – the ordinary people whose state finances were plundered. In 2006, US$723 million illicitly acquired by Abacha’s family was returned to Nigeria from Switzerland. A significant amount of these funds remains unaccounted for.

That past experience led Switzerland to controversially attach conditions to the repatriation of this batch of Abacha loot, including third party oversight – meaning that the World Bank will now monitor the distribution of the funds.

Under the deal, around 300,000 poor families in just over half the 36 states in Nigeria will each receive approximately US$14 per month through the Nigeria National Social Safety Net Program. However, this cash-transfer model has proved controversial, in part because of documented problems with how the safety net programme operates.

According to the African Network for Environment & Economic Justice (ANEEJ), the deal is a “forced choice”; in order for the World Bank to effectively monitor the process, the funds have to be channelled through an existing programme of the Bank of Nigeria, such as the safety net.

At the same time, the deal also explicitly provides for civil society to monitor the use of the returned funds. This is an essential factor for reducing the risk of corruption. The use of electronic transfers will also provide an additional layer of security.

Nonetheless, the Civil Society Legislative Advocacy Centre (CISLAC), Transparency International’s chapter in Nigeria, is concerned about a lack of parliamentary and public approval of the distribution scheme.

CISLAC has repeatedly called for a trust fund to be set up to manage the repatriated assets, and other assets seized within Nigeria (repatriated assets from abroad account for only 10 to 15 per cent of all assets seized since 2015).

“We are supporting [the] government in this recovery but with the condition that there must be an establishment of [an] integrity trust fund that would manage this money and assets,” Auwal Musa Rafsanjani, CISLAC’s executive director said in a recent interview. “We want to ensure that we have an institutional framework that would monitor the recovered assets in Nigeria.”

“Currently, Nigeria has no framework for monitoring, managing and utilizing recovered assets and other proceeds of crime,” says Vaclav Prusa, an anti-corruption expert at CISLAC. “This has resulted in a lack of coordination amongst the numerous agencies with the mandate to recover assets. Tied to this lack of coordination is the absence of a central register or database for recovered assets. This has made it impossible to ascertain the amounts of recovered assets and proceeds of crime.”

CISLAC wants to see an institution in Nigeria tasked with the management of all recovered assets, with clear guidelines for use of the money and transparent management of all finances. Crucially, Civil Society Organisations would have a seat on the board of such an institution, so that their role is institutionalised and sustainable. At present, civil society oversight of the Abacha loot distribution is dependent on international development funding. The Nigerian Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (NEITI) offers a precedent of such a mixed governmental and non-governmental model.

Efforts to determine the best practice for returning stolen assets are complicated by a lack of empirical evidence to draw from. “Asset recovery has seen limited return compared to the vast amounts stolen, but the stakes are high every time,” said Patricia Moreira, managing director of Transparency International. “A poorly planned solution could not only see recovered assets fail to adequately benefit their rightful owners, it could become a flawed model for future cases.”

In Nigeria, further groundwork is needed in order to establish a framework strong enough to counter other countries’ demands for pre-conditions, and the compromises that go with them.

“Civil society in Nigeria, including our partners at CISLAC, are ready to help the government build a sustainable, long-term solution to the question of stolen asset recovery and distribution,” added Moreira.

According To The Trading Economics,
“Nigeria scored 27 points out of 100 on the 2018 Corruption Perceptions Index reported by Transparency International. Corruption Index in Nigeria averaged 20.76 Points from 1996 until 2018, reaching an all time high of 28 Points in 2016 and a record low of 6.90 Points in 1996.

Nigeria Corruption Index:
The Corruption Perceptions Index ranks countries and territories based on how corrupt their public sector is perceived to be. A country or territory’s score indicates the perceived level of public sector corruption on a scale of 0 (highly corrupt) to 100 (very clean). This page provides the latest reported value for – Nigeria Corruption Index – plus previous releases, historical high and low, short-term forecast and long-term prediction, economic calendar, survey consensus and news. Nigeria Corruption Index – actual data, historical chart and calendar of releases”

A lot has happened on the social media since it was announced that the bill is presently on the senate.

Some of the trending comments;

“Hate speech or criticism a weapon used to fight previous government out of office and that brought this present government into office… Hate speech most important instrument to promote democracy. I oppose you for you to see your lapses clearly.”

“Buhari was “civil” in 1st term waiting to secure his second term. It is barely 6 months into 2nd term he is in haste to put everything in place to silence critics.

With a rubber stamp NASS, they will pass that law – “Hate Speech”

And karma will catch them.
Once they finish, the government will dig dirt throw DSS and harass, coerce and dump them.

Because, they are Politically Exposed Persons – PEP, and their words will carry weight, they will be so timid to speak out as opposition and critic.

They will be going for exile.

They are digging their own pit” Kennedy S.

“SO THAT YOU KNOW…
Why they are hell-bent on introducing a law on ‘Hate Speech’:

  • so that you don’t continue to scrutinise their jumbo pay and profligacy .
  • to stop you from demanding for good government and accountability.
  • to ensure that you don’t question parochial leadership.
  • to kill your demand for restructuring of Nigeria.” Buchi Njere.

Conclusion:

It’s high time our leaders stop chasing shadows. These corrupt politicians sponsoring hate speech Bill in Nigeria have traveled abroad such as USA, Canada, Italy, Germany, UK, Australia UAE, and have seen that Nigeria is another thing all together in comparisons.

Some governors finds it. very difficult to pay their workers salaries even when the cash is available. The same thing applicable to the payment of pensioners.

Many Nigerians who traveled abroad are just suffering and being used as slave in a Foreign lands. Some of them have been jailed due to Drugs pushing, Rubbery and stealing. 90% of Nigerian girls or Ladies are harlots abroad. All these are as a result of bad and corrupt leaders in Nigeria.

So, Nigeria leaders should initiate and implement laws that will benefit their hungery followers, look beyond hate speech as that is not the problem of Nigeria.

References:
Pulse NG,
Transparency International,
Trading Economics,
Channel Television,
Papers SSRN.


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